America’s research universities are complex, multi-faceted institutions that support a wide variety of research and educational activities and provide a broad array of public and institutional services. Among their many societal contributions, research universities generate significant economic activity.
As labor- and service-intensive institutions and incubators of new ideas and technology, research universities serve as economic engines for their communities and regions, providing well-educated graduates, employing thousands of workers, attracting large federal, industry, and foundation grants and contracts, creating innovative technologies and businesses, fostering new business opportunities, and expanding the tax base.
AAU is an association of 62 leading research universities in the United States and Canada. The 60 U.S. members of AAU:
- Educate 1.2 million undergraduate students and 570,000 graduate students each year;
- Employ more than 710,000 people, more than the population of Seattle, WA;
- Have combined annual operating budgets of about $152 billion (2013);
- Have patented and licensed thousands of innovative discoveries and technologies that have fostered new products, companies, and entire industries in such fields as medicine, public safety, food and agriculture, new materials, semiconductor devices, education, and communications;
- Issued 3,460 patents and executed 3,068 licensing agreements in 2013;
- Initiated 479 start-up companies in 2013, of which 73 percent operate in the same state as the licensing institution.
Many AAU universities have developed detailed reports on their local and regional economic impacts:
Carnegie Mellon University - no report available
Columbia University - No report available
Rice University - No report available